Cognitive science is an interdisciplinary discipline (a cross-disciplinary research system that spans different fields) such as neuroscience, psychology, linguistics, philosophy, and anthropology.
Cognitive science and artificial intelligence are said to be twin disciplines, and both have the same theme of "what is human being?" And "what is consciousness?" At the root.
Artificial Intelligence research uses the tools of information science to create "machine-like consciousness," whereas Cognitive Science delves deeply into the study of human beings themselves. Since both research designs focus on the human model, they are said to be twin disciplines.
On the other hand, modern Western medicine has evolved as an anatomy-based "human body mechanistic theory," as symbolized by the term organ medicine. The human body is a "mechanical doll" made up of a combination of various parts. For example, the sensation of pain is "a sign that a part is damaged."
However, in the 1960s, with the establishment of the pain clinic (anesthesiology), human beings became aware of the existence of "pain with no visible damage to parts".
Coincidentally, cognitive science, which was born in the same 1960s, came to explicitly state in subsequent developments that "the role of pain is not only to signal part damage," and the Society named such pain soft pain.
Cognitive science brings "innovation of knowledge" not only to pain but also to various fields from developmental models to aging models in neuroscience.
for exampleThe peculiarity of the sense of smell hidden in fragrance (smell harassment), and part of the mechanism of depression (impairment of the reward circuit) has been elucidated through reinforcement learning experiments using robots.
Experiments with the rubber hand illusion have demonstrated sensory transfer (so to speak, sensory transplantation), and by fusing this with the cutaneous rabbit illusion, a technology that utilizes the illusion of mirror image perception (Mirror touching) has been developed, and synesthesia and cross-modality experiments have led to the discovery of a multisensory integration model of the five senses.
◆Rubber Hand Illusion: When the subject's hand is covered and the mannequin's hand is placed in place of the subject's hand and the mannequin's hand is struck with a hammer, the subject feels pain and fear. phenomenon.
◆Skin rabbit illusion (tactile rabbit): A phenomenon in which a tactile sensation occurs even in the blank area of tapping when the skin is continuously tapped while moving.
*In an experiment that combines the above two, it has been shown that rubber hands (mannequin hands) also have skin rabbit sensations, and this background isMirror touchingled to the development of
Furthermore, cognitive science is beginning to suggest a new framework for the limitations of drug therapy for dementia (→Effectiveness of Touch Care for Dementia), and provides a clear perspective (soft theory of pain) on the limitations of structural labeling by modern medicine, especially orthopedics. → What is a soft pain? (making)
Cognitive science experiments have also shown that the origin of pain is emotion. Studies have shown that the brains of people who have lost love show similar activity to the brains of people who are in pain.→ "What I learned from an experiment on the brain of a broken heart ~Pain & Emotion & Individual Differences~"
The approach that fuses the knowledge of cognitive science with medical care is the "Cognitive Science Integrated Approach." For short
The easiest example to understand COSIA ismirror therapyI think. Below is a video of the dramatic effect.
By introducing the perspective of cognitive science into clinical practice, as in this video, a paradigm shift in the concept of pain is progressing behind the scenes. The fusion of cognitive science and medical care is not limited to interpretation in methodology, but also to etiology (what is pain) is creating a wave of change.
born in the dawn ofMirror Touching (Technology that combines touching with mirror therapy)We believe that the possibilities of COSIA will continue to expand with this as a starting point.
BReIN and BFI, which we recommend, are one of the practical forms of COSIA, and Cognitive Science Integrative Therapists (CITs) are in charge of them.
Cognitive Science Integrative Therapists (CITs) deal with developmental disorders (our association proposes the term developmental individuality), mental disorders from mood disorders to dementia, and locomotive organs from orthopedic primary care to convalescent rehabilitation. We provide unprecedented new solutions for psychosomatic disorders such as weather diseases, autonomic nervous system-related problems, irritable bowel syndrome and gastric ulcers.
In recent years, the interaction between the brain and the body has been revealed one after another, as symbolized by the phrases "the gut is the second brain" and "the skin is the third brain."
These relationships are called brain-gut relationships and brain-skin relationships, but we also advocate the concept of "brain segment relationships." namely the interaction between the brain and the joints.
Relationship between brain and joints
I'm not sure if "walking is the way to go.
Rhythmic signal input from deep joint sensation (joint receptors) activates the brain through a mechanism called entrainment. Rhythmic stimuli such as vibration and fluctuation are behind the effectiveness of exercise and gymnastics therapy.cerebral elastoplasticityThe process is hidden in the process of inducing the
The brain is a high-performance simulation machine that repeatedly predicts and corrects, and a minute tapping on a joint leads to a change in nerve response by bringing about rhythmic minute fluctuations in the internal pressure of the joint. This implies that stochastic resonance caused by the application of internal pressure noise promotes reorganization of neural circuits (induction of brain elastic-plasticity). For stochastic resonancethis page(external site)See
In addition, the relationship between the brain and sensory receptors is also extremely important. That is, the complementary relationship between the brain and the sensory inputs. Recent research has shown that the five human senses do not function independently, but rather that the different senses work in conjunction with each other.
For example, the brain that has lost sight tries to adapt to social life by enhancing the function of hearing. The sense that food is delicious involves not only the integration of taste and smell, but also vision and touch. Food is tasted by looking, smelling, and chewing. At the same time as we advocate the notation of "mutual feeling" instead of the five senses, we call the close relationship between the brain and mutual feeling the brain feeling correlation.
In the Cognitive Science Integrated Approach (COSIA), in addition to the brain-gut correlation, brain-skin correlation, brain-segment correlation, and brain-intelligence correlation mentioned above, we also emphasize the "brain-intelligence correlation" (figure below).
When humans are stressed, their autonomic nerves become exhausted and their metabolic function declines. Exposing yourself to too much information can lead to a condition called brain overload.
Unfortunately, if this persists for too long, it can lead to a condition called cerebral homeostasis dysfunction (BD).
This continuation is "What is brain overload?"Please refer to the.
For those interested in Cognitive Science Integrated Approach (COSIA)
In the current situation where image labeling and diagnosis of the cause of pain diverge, the International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP) has revised the definition of pain and is shifting to the "emotional origin theory of pain."
If you are interested in COSIA, please visit the "Special Site for Medical Professionals and Therapists". We look forward to your participation.