Cognitive science is an interdisciplinary discipline (a cross-disciplinary research system that spans different fields) such as neuroscience, psychology, linguistics, philosophy, and anthropology.

Cognitive science and artificial intelligence are said to be twin disciplines, and both have the same theme of "what is human being?" And "what is consciousness?" At the root.

 Artificial Intelligence research uses the tools of information science to create "machine-like consciousness," whereas Cognitive Science delves deeply into the study of human beings themselves. Since both research designs focus on the human model, they are said to be twin disciplines.

On the other hand, modern Western medicine has evolved as an anatomy-based "human body mechanistic theory," as symbolized by the term organ medicine. The human body is a "mechanical doll" made up of a combination of various parts. For example, the sensation of pain is "a sign that a part is damaged."

However, in the 1960s, with the establishment of the pain clinic (anesthesiology), human beings became aware of the existence of "pain with no visible damage to parts".

 Coincidentally, cognitive science, which was born in the same 1960s, came to explicitly state in subsequent developments that "the role of pain is not only to signal part damage," and the Society named such pain soft pain.

Cognitive science brings "innovation of knowledge" not only to pain but also to various fields from developmental models to aging models in neuroscience.

for exampleThe peculiarity of the sense of smell hidden in fragrance (smell harassment), and part of the mechanism of depression (impairment of the reward circuit) has been elucidated through reinforcement learning experiments using robots.

Experiments with the rubber hand illusion have demonstrated sensory transfer (so to speak, sensory transplantation), and by fusing this with the cutaneous rabbit illusion, a technology that utilizes the illusion of mirror image perception (Mirror touching) has been developed, and synesthesia and cross-modality experiments have led to the discovery of a multisensory integration model of the five senses.

◆Rubber Hand Illusion: When the subject's hand is covered and the mannequin's hand is placed in place of the subject's hand and the mannequin's hand is struck with a hammer, the subject feels pain and fear. phenomenon.
◆Skin rabbit illusion (tactile rabbit): A phenomenon in which a tactile sensation occurs even in the blank area of tapping when the skin is continuously tapped while moving.

*In an experiment that combines the above two, it has been shown that rubber hands (mannequin hands) also have skin rabbit sensations, and this background isMirror touchingled to the development of

Furthermore, cognitive science is beginning to suggest a new framework for the limitations of drug therapy for dementia (Effectiveness of Touch Care for Dementia), and provides a clear perspective (soft theory of pain) on the limitations of structural labeling by modern medicine, especially orthopedics. → What is a soft pain? (making)

Cognitive science experiments have also shown that the origin of pain is emotion. Studies have shown that the brains of people who have lost love show similar activity to the brains of people who are in pain.→ "What I learned from an experiment on the brain of a broken heart ~Pain & Emotion & Individual Differences~"

Medical care based on the knowledge of such cognitive science is "Cognitive Science Based Medicine". For shortCSBMIs called.

The easiest example to understand CSBM ismirror therapyI think. Below is a video of the dramatic effect.

By introducing the perspective of cognitive science into clinical practice, as in this video, a paradigm shift in the concept of pain is progressing behind the scenes. The fusion of cognitive science and medical care is not limited to interpretation in methodology, but also to etiology (what is pain) is creating a wave of change.

born in the dawn ofMirror Touching (Technology that combines touching with mirror therapy)Based on this, we believe that the possibilities of CSBM will continue to expand in the future.

The mind-body integrative therapy advocated by our association is one of the practice forms of CSBM, and PIT (mind-body integrative therapist) is in charge of it.

Mind-body integrative therapy treats developmental disorders (which our association calls developmental individuality), mood disorders, mental disorders such as dementia, musculoskeletal problems ranging from orthopedic primary care to convalescent rehabilitation, and meteorological diseases. and autonomic nervous system-related problems, as well as psychosomatic disorders such as irritable bowel syndrome and gastric ulcers.

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